Vietnam is a strip of land shaped like the letter “S”. China borders it to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, the East Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the east and south.
The country’s total length from north to south is 1,650km. Its width, stretching from east to west, is 600km at the widest point in the north, 400km in the south, and 50km at the narrowest part, in the centre, in Quang Binh Province. The coastline is 3,260km long and the inland border is 4,510km. Vietnam is also a transport junction from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
Some main points to consider for your trip
National Capital: Hanoi
Climate: Vietnam lies in the tropics and monsoon
Topography: Three quarters of Vietnam’s territory consist of mountains and hills
Administrative Units: Vietnam is divided into 63 provinces and cities. Ho Chi Minh city is the economic central of Vietnam.
For more information: Vietnam and travelling in Vietnam
About Ho Chi Minh City
Area: 2,098.7 km²
Population: approximately 7.382.287 inhabitants
– Districts: District 1, District 2, District 3, District 4, District 5, District 6, District 7, District 8, District 9, District 10, District 11, District 12, Tan Binh, Binh Thanh, Phu Nhuan, Thu Duc, Go Vap, Binh Tan,Tan Phu. The ASLEA2017 will be held in District 3.
– Rural districts: Nha Be, Can Gio, Hoc Mon, Cu Chi Binh Chanh.
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Khmer, Cham…
In the core of the Mekong Delta, Ho Chi Minh City, formerly known as “Saigon”, is second the most important in Vietnam after Hanoi. It is not only a commercial center but also a scientific, technological, industrial and tourist center. The city is bathed by many rivers, arroyos and canals, the biggest river being the Saigon River.
Please note the climate condition in Ho Chi Minh City: The climate is generally hot and humid. There are two distinctive seasons: the rainy season, from May to November, and the dry season, from December to April. The annual average temperature is 270C.
Many centuries ago, Saigon was already a busy commercial center. Merchants from China, Japan and many European countries would sail upstream the Saigon River to reach the islet of Pho, a trading center. In the year of 1874, Cho Lon merged with Saigon, forming the largest city in the Indochina. It had been many times celebrated as the Pearl of the Far East. After the reunification of the country, the 6th National Assembly in its meeting of the 2nd of July, 1976, has officially rebaptized Saigon, Ho Chi Minh City. The history of city relates closely with the struggle for the independence and freedom of Vietnam.
Ho Chi Minh City is the big tourism center in Vietnam, attracting a large of visitors to Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh City has various attractions as Ho Chi Minh Museum, formerly known as Dragon House Wharf, Cu Chi Tunnels, system of museums, theatres, cultural houses… Recently, many tourist areas are invested such as Thanh Da, Binh Quoi Village, Dam Sen Park, Saigon Water Park, Suoi Tien, Ky Hoa…, which draw numerous tourists.
Despite its quite recent past, Ho Chi Minh City nevertheless possesses various beautiful buildings, displaying a characteristic combination of Vietnamese, Chinese and European cultures. These include Nha Rong (Dragon House Wharf), Quoc To Temple (National Ancestors Temple), Xa Tay (Municipal Office), Ho Chi Minh Municipal Theatre as well as many pagodas and churches (Vinh Nghiem, Giac Vien, Giac Lam, Phung Son pagodas…). After more than 300 years of development, Ho Chi Minh City presents many ancient architectural constructions, famous vestiges and renowned sights. It is remarkable for its harmonious blending of traditional national values with northern and western cultural features.
For more information: Ho Chi Minh City
Ho Chi Minh City is the main junction for trains, roads, water, and air transportation systems for domestic trips and for foreign destination.
– Roads: Ho Chi Minh City is 1,730km from Hanoi, 99km from Tay Ninh, 30km from Bien Hoa (Dong Nai), 70km from My Tho, 125km from Vung Tau, 168km from Can Tho, 308km from Dalat, and 375km from Buon Ma Thuot. The City has National Highway 13 which connects Vietnam with the rest of Indochina.
– Train: Thong Nhat express train connects Ho Chi Minh City with Hanoi and many provinces in Vietnam.
– Air: Tan Son Nhat International Airport, 7km from center of city, is the biggest airport with many domestic and international routes. There are flights from Hanoi and Danang to Ho Chi Minh City and between the City to many regions as well a lot of countries on over the world.
About Ha Noi city
Hanoi is very compact and the city’s most interesting places for tourists are all relatively close to each other, which makes it easy to enjoy the best parts of the city on foot or by cyclo. You can visit Hanoi’s attractions by discovering a visit to Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum, The One Pillar Pagoda, The Ho Chi Minh Museum, Van Mieu (Temple of Literature) and Quoc Tu Giam (National University), Hoan Kiem Lake, Ngoc Son Temple, The Old Quarter with 36 streets…
For more information: Ha Noi City
About Ha Long Bay
Ha Long Bay, in the Gulf of Tonkin,165 km from Ha Noi, includes some 1,600 islands and islets, forming a spectacular seascape of limestone pillars. The outstanding value of the property is centered around the drowned limestone karst landforms, displaying spectacular pillars with a variety of coastal erosional features such as arches and caves which form a majestic natural scenery.
For more information: Ha Long Bay
About World Natural Heritage Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park
Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park lies in Quang Binh Province – the central Viet Nam. It’s known for the magnificent caves and the incredible geology, geomorphology and very diverse ecosystem. Phong Nha-Ke Bang is the oldest and largest tropical karst formed 400 million years during the main geological periods of the Earth, bearing the original topographic and geologic characteristics.
For more information: Phong Nha – Ke Bang
About Da Nang City
Danang, which is located nearly three the world cultural heritage: Hue, Hoi An and My Son sanctuary. It is a beautiful city on the Han River and adjacent the East Coast with the attractive features unmatched in the urban sea … Not only is the center of world heritage in 2003, Da Nang city has many beautiful landscapes that visitors can hardly forget when leaving.
For more information: Da Nang City
Mekong Delta tours
The Mekong Delta (Vietnamese: Đồng bằng Sông Cửu Long “Nine Dragon river delta”), also known as the Western Region (Vietnamese: Miền Tây or the South-western region (Vietnamese: Tây Nam Bộ) is the region in southwestern Vietnam where the Mekong River approaches and empties into the sea through a network of distributaries. The Mekong delta region encompasses a large portion of southwestern Vietnam of 39,000 square kilometres (15,000 square miles). The size of the area covered by water depends on the season.
There are some interesting short tours (1 day, or 2 days) from Ho Chi Minh City to Mekong Delta, you can consider to travel in 1 day
For more information: Mekong Delta Tour